They say that necessity is the mother of invention. Whenever something becomes necessary, a change is brought about according to its significance. The same rule applies to the Vedas.
When God made the world, there seemed to be no problems. Gradually, aeons upon aeons passed by. The world was completed. During the sixth aeon, God created Man - the finest of all his creations. Man had a brain, which enabled him of thought and he was gifted with a conscience, which differentiated between right and wrong. If his conduct were good, he would progress and if his conduct were bad, he would decline. It was up to his wishes. If man wished to, he could stay with God and be one with him, which is ‘moksha’. If he wished to, he could stay in hell, and get entangled in the cycle of birth and rebirth. Now God was satisfied; but Man was not. He began to behave as he wanted to and he was warned against it. His conscience told him otherwise, but man paid no attention to his conscience. Now, who could make him understand? How, when and why to explain? The behaviour of Man was degrading.
Then the Gods took a decision. They decided to give Man another chance. Man had to be made aware of high and low, of sin and virtue, religion and non-religion, reward and punishment, of the cycle of birth and rebirth. His conduct would decide his fate. If his conduct were good, he would be rewarded and given a place in Heaven, if his conduct was bad, he would remain in Hell. The principles of behaviour were to be established and Man would be bound to his conduct. The Gods agreed upon this. Bhagwan Vishnu decided to descend upon the Earth along with Goddess Saraswati who is the sovereignty of Knowledge, and lay down the principles of the modes of behaviour. Lord Brahma made penance for Lord Vishnu for eleven thousand years, which pleased Lord Vishnu and Lord Vishnu appeared before Lord Brahma and asked, Him to open His eyes. He told Him that He was pleased with Lord Brahma’s penance. In His four hands, he held a wheel, a pen and an inkbottle, and the leaves of papyrus. He told Brahmadev that He would write down the principles of behaviour for the welfare of Man and was that what Brahmadev wished ?. While Brahmadev was doing penance, Lord Vishnu was already within Brahmadev like a picture and so Bhrahmadev said Lord Vishnu would be known as ‘Chitragupta’. He would also be known as ‘Kayastha’ because He was secretly residing within Bhrahmadev. Lord Vishnu was also the sovereignty of Knowledge, therefore he would be a Bhramin and to prove the strength of the pen He would also be a ‘Skshatriya’. He would marry twice in two different religions. Bhramin and Skshatriya. First He would marry in the Brahmin religion, and his second marriage would be in the skhshtriya religion. In this way He would create the composition of the ‘Vedas’ and adorn the court of ‘Yama’ by taking up the position of the Judge, give the world a new knowledge, new literature, new legislature and a new life. This would be Lord Vishnu’s first earthly abode and would be known as ‘Chitraguptavatar’. His children - a union of the two religions - would earn their livelihood as Kayastha. Brahmadev wished Him success and blessed him. Thus according to the orders of Bhrahmadev, Lord Vishnu wrote down the Vedas, which were as Laws for the human race. Man was expected to follow the rules laid down by the Vedas.
1) I will behave according to the laws laid down by the Vedas.
2) I will follow the Vedas and never go against them.
3) I will be a respectable man and bring up my children accordingly.
4) My mind will always be full of good thoughts.
5) I will try my level best for good fortune.
6) I will wish for a long life with good behaviour
7) I will love and respect and honour my country
I will create wealth with a hundred hands and distribute it with a thousand hands.
8) I will see to other human beings as friends.
9) This is a request for the human race All human beings should be of one thought and get along with one another, love one another and gain knowledge.
There is infinite knowledge in the ‘Vedas’ and taking into consideration the life span of Man, Lord Vishnu descended upon the world in yet another form - Badnarayan - and divided the ‘Vedas’ into four sections.
1) Rugved - For knowledge
2) Yajurveda - For Destiny.
3) Samved - For Devotion
4) Atharvaved - For Science.
These four sections were called as four ‘Vyas’ and the four sections together were known as ‘Badnarayan Vedvyas’. There is no science greater than the ‘Vedas’. This is the Credit and Inspiration of the ‘Vedas’ through which all other science came into existence.
Later on Bhramadev himself descended upon the Earth in the form of Shri Krishna and narrated the ‘Gita’, which is the ‘Vedas’ in brief.
Some people say that Bhagwan Vishnu appears on the Earth to protect the Brahmins, the cows and the Earth itself; but this is not correct. The reason for His incarnation on the Earth from time to time is to protect the Vedas.
Upto now Bhagwan Vishnu has appeared ten times upon the earth in ten different forms to protect the ‘Vedas’. Here are the forms given below.
1) Meenavatar: Vedas were on the lips. Therefore, to protect the ‘Vedas’.
2) Kurmavatar: To explain the modes of behaviour laid down in the ‘Vedas’.
3) Varahavatar: To protect the ‘Vedas’ along with the earth from the demons, so that the religion of the ‘Vedas’ could preside over the earth.
4) Narsinhavatar: To protect bhakt Pralhad, who was living his life according to the ‘Vedas’..
5) Vamanavatar: To give justice to the Gods who believed in the ‘Vedas’, and to capture the earth from the demon Bali and to return it to Lord Indra.
6) Parshuram: To put an end of those against the Ved religion.
7) Ramavatar: To lay down an example of how to live according to the religion of the ‘Vedas’.
8) Krishnavatar: To destroy those who were ruling against the religion of the ‘Vedas’ and to establish the values of the ‘Vedas’.
9) Buddhavatar: To put into practice mercy, pity, compassion , sympathy and love which is the essence of the ‘Vedas’ and to show that mercy and love - just these two words add up all the values of the ‘Vedas’.
10) Kalkiavatar: To destroy those who were purposely behaving against the values of the ‘Vedas’.
God has composed the ‘Vedas’ and thus He becomes a poet. The most supreme of all poets; and how long a poet can stand his poetry neglected? He will only be satisfied when he sees that it is applied in everyday life
Great is that poetry which beautifies the Earth.
Great is that Knowledge which does not care for the insignificant.
Great is the man who works all his life.
Great is the soul that leaves the body without a sigh.
The above lines are the essence of the four ‘Vedas’. Yajurveda, Rugved, Samved and Atharvaved respectively. God is where Ved is, because the heart of the poet lies within his poetry. God says that he himself has differentiated between truth and untruth and composed the ‘Vedas’ for the human race. As long as a man is alive he should enjoy himself upon the earth and after death take his place in heaven and attain ‘moksha’. This is the essence, credit and inspiration of the ‘Vedas’.
It is also important to know the thoughts of other philosophers regarding the Vedas.
Thoughts of well -known personalities.
Maxmuller says, "I can state this clearly that the book of ‘Vedas’ is not only the oldest holy book of the Aryans, it is the oldest book in the whole world." In his book ‘Reason and Religion’ he says, "If God exists and He has created Heaven and Earth then it would be unfair on His part to keep Man unaware of Himself. Therefore, according to reason, it becomes clear that God will create an awareness of Himself in the human mind right in the beginning. Mr.Jekoliet emphasizes in his book ‘Bible in India’, "It is an amazing truth that the Hindu religion is more compatible with the present day science than any other religion. Mr. N. B. Pavagi writes in "Vedic India - Mother of Parliament", "Not only are the Vedas the origin of knowledge, but also a reservoir of everlasting truth. Hence, not only the Indians, but also foreign philosophers consider "Vedas" as the origin of knowledge.
Which of these could have been created by God? "Vedas" or "Gita"?
It is very difficult to choose between the two. "Vedas’ were composed by the Gods at the beginning of the Universe whereas ‘Gita’ was compiled much later that is at the end of the dwapar yug by Vyas during the time of Mahabharat. ‘Gita’ is judicially accepted in India as the holy book created by God and every plaintiff and defendant in the court has to place his hand over this book before taking the oath and committing himself of speaking the truth. As it is accepted by great philosophers that the ‘Vedas’ are a composition of God should it not be so that people had to take the oath placing their palm over ‘Vedas’? People read out lessons from the ‘Gita’ to a dying person and not from the ‘Vedas’. People even go to the extent of saying that ‘Gita’ is the soul of God and the essence of all knowledge and the world is going on just because of this. It is also true that the essence of ‘Vedas’ is in the ‘Gita’ and so it is not wrong to give "Gita" the first place. You can say that if ‘Vedas’ are the Sun then ‘Gita’ is the moon. Both of these are necessary for life.
Mother Durga had enlightened forgotten ‘Vedas’.
�According to a story in ‘Shivapuran’ an ambitious demon named ‘Durgam’ had gone through grave penance to please ‘Brahmadev’ and in return was granted a boon that no ‘man’ could kill him. He set aside the teachings of the ‘Vedas’ and began to bother all living beings on earth. He did not spare even the Goddesses. There was chaos all over. Then in answer to the Goddessess prayers, the supreme power Ma Bhagwati killed the demon and was called ‘ Ma Durga’ since then.
Ma Durga confronted the monster army with great courage and defeated the monster ‘Durgam’. She put up the forms of Kali, Tara Chinamasta, Shri Vidya, Bhuwaneshwari, Bhairavi, Bagulamukhi, Dhumra, Matangi, and Kamala of Knowledge at the same time. Then the Supreme Durga through her super power created ten ‘Durga’, and other super Goddessess namely Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandmata, Katyayini, Kalratri, Mahagauri, Siddhidatri and the original ‘Durga and many other powerful women. The army took away the forgotten ‘Vedas’ from the monster and returned them to the Gods thus enlightening them.
Hindus are aware of the favour Ma Durga has bestowed upon them and they worship her for the favour done to this day. As long as the Hindus keep on worshipping the Goddess she will keep on blessing them.